Central Board Secondary Examination(CBSE) – Science Sample Paper 2010-2011

Sample Question Paper
SCIENCE (Theory)
Class-X
Summative Assessment – II
2010-2011
Time: 3 hours     Maximum Marks : 80

Section (A)

1. List the three phenomenon of light responsible for formation of rainbow in the sky.

2. Draw the electronic dot structure of ethane molecule (C2H6).

3. List any two common methods by which solid wastes of urban areas are disposed off.

4. Identify which one of the following would have a hazardous impact if they persist in the environment for a longtime:

Newspaper, vegetable peels, pesticides, waste from cattle shed.

5. Why do we see stars twinkling where as, where as planets do not twinkle.

6. An object is placed perpendicular to the principle axis of a convex lens of focal length 10 cm. The distance of the object from the optical centre of the lens is 15 cm. Calculate the position of the image formed. Mention the nature of the image formed.

  1. i) What is meant by ‘power of accomodation of the eye’?

ii) How does the focal length of the eye lens change when we shift looking from a distant object to a nearby object?

8. (a) Why are coal and petroleum called fossil fuels?

b) Name the two elements which are present both in C NG and petroleum.

9. (i) What is the position of hydrogen is the modern periodic table?

(ii) Where are isotopes of the same element having different atomic masses placed in the periodic table?

10.Account for the following:

(i)Elements in a group of the periodic table have similar chemical properties.

(ii)Elements of group 18 are called zerovalent.

11. “Construction of dams ensures electricity generation for a large number of villages”. State two reasons for opposition to construction of dams inspite of this advantage.

12. a) Which glands contribute fluid to the semen?

b) State two advantages semen offers to the sperms.

13. List two advantages of vegetative propagation. In which two of the following plants is vegetative propagation practised:

Banana, Rice, Tomato, Rose

14. i) Define power of a lens and write its S.I. Unit.

ii) The image of an object formed by a convex lens is of the same size as the object. If the image in formed at a distance of 50cm from the lens, at what distance from the lens is the object placed? Find the focal length and power of the lens used.

15. A person cannot see objects farther than 10 m from the eye clearly. Name the defect of vision he is suffering from. How can it be corrected? Draw ray diagrams for (i) the defective eye, (ii) its correction.

16. i) A ray of light A B is incident on a glass slab, as shown. Mention the values of angle of incidence and angle of refraction for this ray of light.

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:54:41 

ii) Light enters from air into a glass plate having refraction index 1.5, Calculate the speed of light in glass, (speed of light in air = 3×108m/s)

17. What is saponification? Explain the cleansing action of soap.

18. How would the following properties of the element vary along the period from left to right in the modern periodicTable. Give reasons.
a) Tendency to lose electrons
b) Atomic Size
c) Valency

19. a. What are fossils? 1

b. List and describe two ways to decide how long ago the organisms were alive. 1

20. “The sex of the new born child depends on its father and not on its mother.” Justify the state­ment and support your answer with a neat illustration.

21. What are acquired traits? “Acquired traits are not capable of directing evolution”. Justify this statment by giving atleast two reasons.

22. List and describe any three methods of birth control.

23. Name the type of mirror (s) that should be used to obtain
i) a magnified and virtual image 1
ii) a diminished and virtual image of an object. 1
Draw labelled ray diagrams to show the formation of the required image in each of the above two cases. Which of these mirrors could also form a magnified and real image of the object? State the position of object for which this could happen.

OR

(a) Draw a ray diagram in each of the following cases to show the position and nature of the image formed when the object is placed:
(i) between optical centre and principal focus (F) of a convex lens.
(ii) between F and 2F of a convex lens.
(iii) as 2F of a convex lens.
(b) How will the nature and position of image formed change in case (i) and (ii) in part (a) of this question if the lens is replaced by a concave lens?

24. a) Compete the following equations:

  1. i) CH4 + O2  →

      (excess)

   ii) CH3COOH + C2H6OHScreenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:11

   iii)CH3CH2OH Screenshot from 2014-02-09 00:12:27

(b) Write the IUPAC name of the next homologue of CH3OH, CH2  = CH2

OR

(a) Define homologous series of organic compounds. Mention any two characteristics of homologous series.

(b) Name the compound formed on heating ethanol at 443k with excess of conc. H2 S04.

(c) Describe a chemical test to distinguish between ethanol and ethanoic acid.

25. (a) Name one organ each in female and male reproductive system which plays a role of endocrine gland along with production of germ cells. Name one hormone secreted by each them.

(b) State two advantages to the development of the embryo in the mother’s womb.

(c) Where does fertilization occur in case of human female and name the place where fertilized egg gets implanted.

OR

(a)Give an example of a bisexual flower. What is its female reproductive part know as?

(b)Draw a diagram of its longitudinal section showing the process of germination of pollen on stigma and label the following on it:

(c) Pollination may occur without fertilization but fertilization will not take place without pollination. Give reason.

SECTION B

26. Four students A,B,C and D traced the path of a ray of light passing through a glass slab placed in air. Their observations about incident and emergent ray were recorded as given below:

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:17

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:22

The Student who made the correct observation is

a)  A   b)   B   c)   C   d)   D

27. While tracing the path of a ray of light passing from air through a rectangular glass slab, the setup, in which the best result will be obtained is.

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:30

a)  A   b)   B   c)   C   d)   D

  • 28. Four students A, B, C and D carried out measurement of focal length of a concave mirror, as shown in the diagrams given below:

 

  • Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:34

 

The correct focal length will be obtained by student

a)  A   b)   B   c)   C   d)   D

29. To find the focal length of a concave mirror, the four students, Ram, Shamim, Kamla and Ruksana obtained the image of the window grill on a wall, They measured the distances as given below between

Ram – window grill and the wall only

Shamim – window grill and the mirror only

Kamla – mirror and wall only

Ruksana – window grill and the wall and also between the mirror and the wall

Correct focal length will be obtained by the student

a) Ram b) Shamim c) Kamla d) Ruksana

30. Which of the following set of materials represents the minimum material required for determining thefocal length of a convex lens by obtaining the image of a distant object on a screen in your school laboratory.

i) Set A – A candle, a match box, a convex lens, a lens holder, a screen with stand.

ii) SetB- A lens holder, a convex lens, a concave lens, a measuring scale.

iii) Set C- A Convex lens, a lens holder, a screen with a stand, a measuring scale

iv) Set D- Aconvex lens, a burning candle, a screen with stand, a lens holder.

a) Set A b) Set B c) Set C d) Set D

31. An iron strip was left dipped in aqueous zinc Sulphate, Copper Sulphate, Iron sulphate and Aluminium Sulphate solutions, as shown below by Rahul in his school laboratory. He would observe the deposition of metal on iron in beakers.Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:40

a) I&II   b)II   c) II   d) III&IV

32. Aqueous solution of copper sulphate and Iron sulphate were taken in test tubes I and II by four students A, B,C & D. Metal pieces of Iron and zinc were dropped in the two solutions and observations made after several hours and recorded in the form of a table as given below.

Observation By

 

METAL

SOLUTION

Colour Changes of Solutions

Deposits / Residue obtained

A

Fe

cuso4

Turned green

Silver grey coating

Zn

FeS04

Turned blue

no change

B

Fe

cuso4

no change

Black Residue

Zn

FeS04

colour faded

Grey Coating

C

Fe

cuso4

Turns green

Reddish brown ppt

Zn

FeS04

Turns color less

Black residue

The Correct observation were made by

a) A only   b) A & B   c) C only   d) B&D

33. Dilute acetic acid was added to the four test tubes contaning the following chemicals:

(i)KOH

(ii)Na HC03

(iii)K2C03

(iv)NaCI

Brisk effervescence was observed in tes tubes:

a) i&il b) i I & III c) l&IV d) il&fll

34. A student added acetic acid to test tubes I, II, III. IVScreenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:46

 

The lighted candle would be extinguished when placed near the mouth of the test tube

a) l&ll b) ll&lli c) ll&IV d) l&IV

35. 10 mL each of Acetic acid and water are mixed together and shaken is different test tubes as given below:

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:51

The resulting mixture after standing would appear as shown in test tube

a) I b) II c) lII d) IV

36. Following diagrams were drawn by four different students on having seen a prepared slide of budding in yeast.

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:55

The correct diagram is

a) I b) II c) 111 d) I and IV

37. Which of the following figures does not show budding.

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:55:59

  1. B
  2. C
  3. A

38. A teacher soaked 10 raisins in 35 ml of distilled water in a beaker labelled A and similar activity she performed and labelled the other beaker B.

She maintained the temperature of beaker A at 20 °C and of beaker B at 40 °C

After an hour what will be percentage of water absorbed by raisins in beaker A and by those in beaker B

(a)the same

(b)more in A and less in B

(c)more in B and less in A

(d)exactly twice as much in B as in A

39. A student soaked 10 g of raisins in 25ml of water in beaker A and 20 g of raisins in 50ml of water in beaker Band measured the quantity of water left in the beakers after an hour. What will he find?

(a)There will be no change in the quantity of water in beakers Aand B

(b)Beaker B will have as much water as in beaker A

(c)Beaker B will have more water then beaker A

(d)BeakerAwill have more water than beaker B

40. The following figure illustrates binary fission in Amoeba. Choose the option giving the correct sequence.

Screenshot from 2014-02-01 14:56:04

  1. (i), (iv), (iii), (ii)

  2. (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)

  3. (iv) (ii), (i), (iii)

  4. (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)

41. If x represents weight of soaked raisins and y represents weight of dry raisins then (x-y)/y x 100 is a way to calculate percentage of:

  1. water absorbed by raisins in hypertonic solution

  2. water absorbed by raisins in hypotonic solution

  3. water lost by raisins in hypotonic solution

  4. water lost by raisins in hypertonic solution

 

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